On Writing, Writing Prompts

Writing Prompt 74

I’m back after two weeks on medical leave and some much needed healing. Hope that time has been good to you.

Here’s this week’s writing prompt, from one of my all-time favorite authors, Edgar Allan Poe:

Is all that we see or seem
But a dream within a dream?
On Writing, Writing Prompts

Writing Prompt 71

“I don’t belong here.”

“Yeah, not really my scene either, man,” the person next to him said, misunderstanding.

He shook his head. “No, I mean, I’m . . . ” He stopped. No one was listening. “. . . in this world but not of it,” he whispered to himself. I don’t belong here. I never have.

On Writing, Punctuation and Grammar

They’re, There, Their

Today’s post is obviously another installment in the Punctuation and Grammar category, which for the purposes of this blog, also includes word usage. This post happens to be about usage, namely, the use of a particular set of homonyms. A homonym is a word that sounds the same as another word. Homonyms are notoriously troublesome because although they sound alike, they’re spelled differently and also typically have very different meanings, which can potentially lead to embarrassing, humorous, or even disastrous results if you happen to use the wrong one.

My husband and I encountered just such a problem on our honeymoon in Paris. On our first day in the city, we had lunch at a café and ordered some crème brûlée for dessert. Since we’d planned to share the dessert, my husband was going to ask our waiter for two spoons, deux cuillères. However, my husband doesn’t know much French, and although he’d picked up a little from a former roommate of ours, he asked me for a pronunciation check first. Thankfully, he did, or he would’ve said something rather vulgar to our waiter. Luckily, our waiter had a sense of humor and shared a laugh with us over this near-mistake; he even joked with me later.

Since English, not French, is the language that I know best, I’m focusing on homonyms in the English language. One particularly problematic group is they’re/there/their. One of these words refers to a place, another is a possessive form indicating ownership, and the third is a contraction that indicates people performing an action. So which one is which?


I think the easiest one to remember in terms of definition is the contraction, they’re. The apostrophe tells you that it’s a contraction—two words squished together into a shortened form with some letters missing (the apostrophe itself is placed where the missing letters would be). The full form of they’re is they are, so this is the one that refers to people engaged in some action, as in “They are coming to visit.”


The word there is the one that refers to a place, i.e., where something is located. If you have difficulty remembering this one, it might be helpful to consider it alongside its sometime-companion, “here,” which is also a place. Here and there both end in “-ere,” and both answer the question of “where” something is located (note that “where” also ends in the same letters “-ere”). If you’re a Beatles fan, this is the one in their song, “Here, There, and Everywhere,” a song title made up entirely of place words.


I saved what I think may be the most confusing of the three homonyms for last because I can’t think of a trick to help you remember this one (if you’ve got one, please share in the comments). In any case, their is the one that is a possessive form, meaning it indicates ownership. Specifically, their (or its relative, theirs, which is the plural version) means “belonging to them.” So if you wish to convey ownership of a thing, such as “their shoes” or “their glasses” or “those papers are theirs,” then this is word you should use, not one of the other two.

Thankfully, any they’re/there/their confusion you might have isn’t likely to result in a horrendous outcome for you, but if you’re editing or proofing your own work, the tips I’ve listed here can help you make it a bit more polished. Write well, ink-slingers!

On Writing, Writing Prompts

Writing Prompt 67


Irony is when you use a word or words to mean the opposite of their definition. When used in speech, it’s often synonymous with sarcasm. For example, an ironic (and also sarcastic) statement would be if you said to someone, “Nice hair,” but actually meant that their hairstyle looked ridiculous. An example of an ironic situation might be if the coming of spring, the season symbolic of rebirth and renewal, was marked by a death.

For this week’s prompt, reflect on the meaning of irony then start a piece of writing that begins with an ironic scene, statement, or situation. Feel free to use the one above if you like.

On Writing, Writing Prompts

Writing Prompt 65

And oh, my dreams
It's never quite as it seems
Never quite as it seems
— The Cranberries, "Dreams"

Take something you experienced in a dream and make it the plot of a new story, turn it into a poem, or write about its symbolic meaning and application to your waking life.

On Writing

Kick It Out

With input from my fabulous clients E.S. Oliver and Catherine Forrest, I’ve revised my presubmission checklist to help you kick your manuscript out to a literary agent. Whether your goal is to publish your book with a big-name publishing company or a smaller indie press, your best bet for doing so is to find an agent willing to represent you.

Note that if you’re a writer of short fiction or poetry, you don’t need an agent to represent you; instead, you can submit your individual stories and poems directly to publishers or literary magazines/journals. If you’re not sure where to start your research for publishing outlets, Poets & Writers offers a searchable index of publishing venues that’s quite helpful. Most small/independent publishers, literary journals, and lit magazines take submissions electronically through systems such as Submittable, so it’s a good idea (and also free) to create an account with the more popular ones. For outlets that use the same system, you’ll conveniently be able to see and track all of your submissions in the same place.

This post and the associated checklist are intended for writers seeking to submit a book to an agent. I offer a bit of insight and advice on each step of the process and the physical, downloadable version of the presubmission checklist is at the bottom of this post. The checklist is meant to be used after you’ve finished revising and editing your work; agents will not accept unfinished fiction manuscripts from potential clients. Nonfiction is another story and you can submit a book proposal without having completed your manuscript; for more on that, I suggest you check out the following post on Shelf Life: https://catherineforrest.substack.com/p/producing-your-first-proposal?utm_source=url).

Step 1: Check your spelling. Always run a spell check on your manuscript as well as any additional materials before you send them to anyone else. Running a spell check on your manuscript will at least clean it up a bit and is akin to putting your best face forward in a job interview.

Step 2: Edit your manuscript (alpha read). Granted, most writers are probably not also professional editors, but you should still read through your own manuscript, revise it, and do your best to catch and correct any errors that you’re able to, especially major ones. If there are gaping plot holes or your main character’s name changes halfway through the fifth chapter, those are things that can and should be addressed prior to anyone else ever seeing your work.

You can certainly employ a professional editor or writing coach to help you with this step of the process, however, there are numerous options in terms of editing services and providers, so you’ll have to do some research to find the one that’s right for you. Consider what you’re looking for: a light read-through for errors only, a very mechanically focused edit, something more substantive, a partnership with feedback and questions. Once you have an idea of what you’re looking for in an editor, spend some time checking out websites, visiting writers groups online and on social media, and asking fellow writers for their recommendations, then compare editorial services and rates, contact some editors you think you might like to work with, and see if those editors’ styles/approaches mesh with your needs.

Things that can also be included under the editing umbrella are sensitivity readings and solicited feedback from experts. These types of reading/editing can be useful for writers with characters whose background or culture differs from their own (an American writing about British characters, for instance) or a more focused assessment of technical info or fact checking (for example, if you want to get expert opinions on anything from space travel to fashion shows).

Step 3: Solicit reader feedback (beta readers). Getting feedback from readers is an excellent way to determine how your work will be received by the people who might actually be willing to buy it. Exactly who you ask to read your draft is up to you—you can ask friends/family, readers of the genre, and/or fellow writers. I recommend a mix of these because you’ll get different types of comments from each. Whoever you choose, it’s helpful to give them a guide in terms of the type of feedback you’d like to have so as to shape their comments. Ask them specific questions or tell them what areas you’re looking for input on. Once you’ve received your reader feedback, you can revise if needed before moving on to the actual submission phase.

Step 4. Write your query letter. Aside from having a finished manuscript, the other requirement for securing a literary agent is a query letter. A query letter is your chance to “sell” your book and convince an agent to represent you. As such, the essential elements of a query letter are a brief blurb about your book, a bit about you the writer, and a little about why you want this particular person to represent you. MasterClass offers some advice on writing a good query letter to an agent as does my friend and colleague Catherine Forrest, the maven behind ShelfLife, but some agents will also offer handy plugin forms that you can use to generate your letter.

Step 5: Prepare your ancillary submission materials. Although all agents will require a query letter from authors, unfortunately, they don’t seem to be on the same page in terms of what else they’d like to see from you in order to make a determination about whether or not to represent you. Several agents seem to have taken a cue from the scholarly publishing and indie publishing worlds and have moved to using an online system for managing queries called QueryManager (https://querymanager.com/), which, thankfully, is free to use. I recommend creating a QueryManager account to submit to those agents who do use this system. For those who don’t, you’ll have to email them individually. Based on my client experience with the query process, I also recommend writing a brief author bio (that “about the author” blurb you typically find at the back of books) as well as a short synopsis or summary of your book (2 pages or less) so that you have all the potential pieces that an agent might request prior to submitting and can plug in accordingly.

Step 6: Research and compile a list of agents to query. How do you decide which agents to query? I recommend you start by checking out Manuscript Wishlist (https://www.manuscriptwishlist.com/), which is a site where agents have created profiles and listed the types of works they are actively seeking. You can also do a social media search of #manuscriptwishlist to accomplish the same thing. It’s basically a shortcut to finding out if there’s anyone out there specifically looking for the sort of book you’ve written. If so, peruse those agents’ profiles and add the ones who appeal to you to your must-query list. You can also find legitimate agents and check whether they are currently accepting new authors to represent by searching the directory of the official professional organization for author representatives. Note that this is a bit more cumbersome, but a good back-up to the Manuscript Wishlist.

Step 7: Submit your query along with any other requested materials. The final step in the process is actually submitting your query and accompanying materials to an agent or agents. Standard manuscript format is typically a double-spaced Word document. Make sure you’ve included all of the pieces that the particular agent has requested and do one last proofread of your query letter before hitting that send button.

Given the sheer number of writers who submit to agents on a yearly basis vs. the number of authors a given agent can reasonably represent, you’re bound to receive a large number of rejections before you finally find one who says yes. So keep trying; you may have to go through several rounds of revising, querying, and submitting before that happens.

The physical checklist is available for download below. Happy writing, fellow ink-slingers, and good luck with your submissions!

On Writing, Writing Prompts

Writing Prompt 62

This week’s writing prompt is taken from the Beatles song, “Happiness is a Warm Gun.” The opening lyrics give us a description of two characters—a girl and a man. We’re told that the girl (who might actually be a woman) is “not a girl who misses much.”

She's well acquainted with the touch of the velvet hand
Like a lizard on a window pane

What does this say about her? Who is she? What’s her backstory? And who is this other character who emerges in the next line?

The man in the crowd with the multicolored mirrors
On his hobnail boots
Lying with his eyes while his hands are busy
Working overtime

What does the description tell you about him? Does the girl/woman spy him in the crowd; is that why we get such a detailed description of his footwear? Are these characters connected in some way? Your challenge, fearless writer, is to weave a story from these threads.